Prison population in EU countries, per 100,000 population and per 1,000 recorded crimes, 2007
Country Prison Population Prisoners per 100,000 pop Estimated country population (thousands) Recorded crimes per 100,000 population Total recorded crimes Prisoners per 1,000 recorded crimes
EU (27) Average 121.8 20.7
England and Wales 79,730 147.5 54,072 9,156 4,950,671 16.1
Northern Ireland 1,484 84.4 1,759 6,166 108,468 13.7
Scotland 7,376 143.4 5,144 7,494 385,509 19.1
Austria 8,887 107.1 8,299 7,160 594,240 15.0
Belgium 9,950 94.0 10,585 9,471 1,002,552 9.9
Denmark 3,646 66.9 5,447 8,175 445,271 8.2
Finland 3,370 63.9 5,277 6,515 343,820 9.8
France 60,403 95.3 63,392 5,662 3,589,293 16.8
Germany 73,319 89.1 82,315 7,635 6,284,661 11.7
Greece 10,280 92.0 11,172 3,790 423,422 24.3
Ireland (Eire) 3,053 70.8 4,313 2,392 103,178 29.6
Italy  48,693 82.3 59,131 4,960 2,933,146 16.6
Luxembourg 666 139.9 476 5,935 28,252 23.6
Netherlands 14,450 88.3 16,358 7,425 1,214,503 11.9
Portugal 11,587 109.3 10,599 3,776 400,222 29.0
Spain 67,100 150.9 44,477 5,193 2,309,859 29.0
Sweden 6,740 74.0 9,113 14,335 1,306,324 5.2
Bulgaria 10,792 140.5 7,679 1,754 134,685 80.1
Czech Republic 19,110 185.8 10,287 3,474 357,391 53.5
Cyprus 671 86.1 779 970 7,557 88.8
Estonia 3,466 258.3 1,342 3,754 50,375 68.8
Latvia 6,548 287.1 2,281 2,438 55,620 117.7
Lithuania 7,770 229.5 3,385 2,009 67,990 114.3
Hungary 14,743 146.5 10,066 4,241 426,914 34.5
Malta 382 93.6 408 3,678 15,005 25.5
Poland 90,199 236.6 38,125 3,024 1,152,993 78.2
Romania 29,390 136.3 21,565 1,305 281,457 104.4
Slovenia 1,336 66.5 2,010 4,388 88,197 15.1
Slovakia 8,235 152.7 5,394 2,054 110,802 74.3
Source: Eurostat 'Crime and Criminal Justice'
Table 1 Crimes recorded by the police:
Total Crime http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/crime/documents/total_crime.pdf 
Table 10 Prison Population:
http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/crime/documents/prison.pdf
Notes: Prison population for Greece is for 2006; and all figures for Ireland are for 2006.
Figures for Spain radically revised in 2006. 2007 figures not consistent with Civitas table for 2003.